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Global crude steel output increases by 4.6% in 2018

Global crude steel production reached 1,808.6 million tonnes (Mt) for the year 2018, up by 4.6% compared to 2017. Crude steel production increased in all regions in 2018 except in the EU, which saw a 0.3% contraction.



Asia produced 1,271.1 Mt of crude steel in 2018, an increase of 5.6% compared to 2017. China’s crude steel production in 2018 reached 928.3 Mt, up by 6.6% on 2017. China’s share of global crude steel production increased from 50.3% in 2017 to 51.3% in 2018. India’s crude steel production for 2018 was 106.5 Mt, up by 4.9% on 2017, meaning India has replaced Japan as the world’s second largest steel producing country. Japan produced 104.3 Mt in 2018, down 0.3% compared to 2017. South Korea produced 72.5 Mt of crude steel in 2018, an increase of 2.0% compared to 2017.


The EU produced 168.1 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of 0.3% compared to 2017. Germany* produced 42.4 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of 2.0% on 2017. Italy produced 24.5 Mt in 2018, up by 1.7% on 2017. France produced 15.4 Mt of crude steel, a decrease of 0.7% on 2017. Spain produced 14.3 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of 0.1% on 2017.


Crude steel production in North America was 120.5 Mt in 2018, 4.1% higher than in 2017. The US produced 86.7 Mt of crude steel, up by 6.2% on 2017.


The CIS produced 101.3 Mt, an increase of 0.3%. Russia* produced 71.7 Mt of crude steel in 2018, up by 0.3% on 2017. Ukraine produced 21.1 Mt of crude steel in 2018, a decrease of -1.1% compared to 2017.


Annual crude steel production for South America was 44.3 Mt in 2018, an increase of 1.3% on 2017. Brazil produced 34.7 Mt in 2018, up by 1.1% compared to 2017.


The Middle East produced 38.5 Mt of crude steel in 2018, an increase of 11.7% on 2017. Iran* produced 25.0 Mt in 2018, up 17.7% on 2017.


Turkey’s crude steel production for 2018 was 37.3 Mt, down by 0.6% on 2017.



Top 10 steel-producing countries

Rank Country 2018 (Mt) 2017 (Mt) %2018/2017

1 China 928.3 870.9 6.6

2 India 106.5 101.5 4.9

3 Japan 104.3 104.7 -0.3

4 United States 86.7 81.6 6.2

5 South Korea 72.5 71.0 2.0

6 Russia (e) 71.7 71.5 0.3

7 Germany (e) 42.4 43.3 -2

8 Turkey 37.3 37.5 -0.6

9 Brazil 34.7 34.4 1.1

10 Iran (e) 25.0 21.2 17.7


Source: Worldsteel

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